Arguments for the existence of God   


Carnap and Heidegger: Parting Ways in the Philosophy of Science. Patrick A. Heelan, Georgetown University.

.Invention in Rhetoric and Composition. Janice M. Lauer. 2004. Parlor Press. Ch. 4. Issues over the Nature, Purpose, and Epistemology of Rhetorical Invention in the Twentieth Century. In the 1930s, I.A. Richards in The Philosophy of Rhetoric introduced a conception of rhetoric as the study of verbal understanding and misunderstanding and its remedies, building on a contextual basis of meaning. He argued that language is the means of understanding thought, both forming and formative, and he advanced other perspectives that later would inform the work of some composition theorists, including the notions of ambiguity as the highest of thought, of messages in context, and of the power of metaphor to improve understanding and language use. He also discussed the construction of meaning as interpretive choices guided by purposes.

In 1956, Bernard Lonergan, in Insight: A Study of Human Understanding, defined the process of inquiry as a quest for the discovery of insight, as an act of grasping the unity of data, of finding a point of significance, and of reaching new understanding. He argued that insight
comes unexpectedly as a release to the tension of inquiry and is a function of inner conditions (3-6). Those inner conditions include a heuristic structure: “Prior to the understanding that issues in answers, there are the questions that anticipate answers; [. . .] A heuristic notion,
then, is the notion of an unknown content and is determined by anticipating the type of act through which the unknown would become known” (392). This study, along with G. Wallas’s The Art of Thought, informed some inventional theories that framed writing as a process of inquiry.

In 1958, Michael Polanyi, in Personal Knowledge and later in The Tacit Dimension, discussed tacit and focal knowledge in the act of inquiry and developed an epistemology of personal knowledge. Maintaining that tacit knowledge undergirds all explicit knowledge, he argued
that scientific communities have beliefs and values to which the inquirer must appeal. He also discussed the importance of heuristic action among members of an interpretive community.

Kant & LonerganPluralismo(s)

Cosmópolis. Francisco Sierra Gutiérrez, Ph.D. Filosofía Pontificia Universidad Javeriana. Santafé de Bogotá, Colombia.

XIII. Aportes a una epistemología de base ética.
Explicitación de fundamentos para un trabajo interdisciplinar.
Departamento de Investigación Institucional, Área Sociológica –
UCA. Octavio Groppa

Necesidades humanas fundamentales: una aproximación teórico metodológica desde la Paz y los Conflictos. Gerardo Pérez Viramontes, Junio 2005. Instituto de la Paz y los Conflictos. UNIVERSIDAD DE GRANADA

Humanismo y educación: una propuesta para las Universidades en el umbral del siglo XXI. Francisco Galán

Presta atención, sé inteligente, sé racional, sé responsable. Los preceptos trascendentales según el método de Bernard Lonergan. Osvaldo D. Santagada.